• Expect these complications after a cataract eye surgery
    Cataract Eye Surgery,  Cataract Surgery

    Expect these complications after a cataract eye surgery

    Cataract eye surgery is a common outpatient procedure that is usually painless. However, like with any surgical procedure, there is the risk of complications.

    Proteins make up the tissues, muscles, and even the blood that make up the human body. Over time or as a consequence of injury, certain proteins might collect in specific areas.

    Proteins in the lens of the eye breakdown and form clumps when cataracts occur, resulting in cloudiness that may impair or obstruct vision.

    A surgical operation to remove the lens and replace it with an artificial lens is the answer. When cataracts start to interfere with daily activities, your doctor may recommend cataract eye surgery.

    Edema, pain, infection, and bad reactions to anesthetic drugs are all possible complications.


    Any surgical procedure has the potential to cause problems. Your surgeon will be aware of a variety of specific issues that might arise as a result of cataract eye surgery.

    Expect these complications after a cataract eye surgery

    1. Uneasiness

    The majority of surgical procedures result in pain as a side effect. Because cataract eye surgery only affects the eye’s surface layers, over-the-counter pain relievers are frequently enough. If the soreness remains or worsens, see your doctor. This might signal the existence of a more serious problem.

    2. Asphyxiation

    In individuals with diabetes, hypertension, or other pre-existing illnesses, suprachoroidal bleeding may occur after cataract eye surgery. Although this is a rare occurrence, it needs immediate intervention to avoid vision loss.

    3. Exposure to contaminants

    Infection may occur during most operations owing to surgical tools, surgeon expertise, or postoperative wound care.

    Endophthalmitis is an infection that may develop as a result of cataract eye surgery. It is, nevertheless, a rare occurrence, occurring in fewer than 0.5 percent of cataract operations.

    4. Long-term or new visual problems

    Cataract eye surgery is not always successful, and you may have visual problems or impair your eyesight after the procedure. This is a rare consequence, although it is more likely in people who had other eye problems previous to surgery in addition to cataracts.

    As your brain adapts to a new, crisper view, you may experience temporary double vision after eye surgery.

    5. Floaters

    Floaters are small collagen or protein particles that may penetrate your range of vision and cast shadows. While floating normally does not need treatment, it might sometimes be a sign of a more severe illness.

    Expect these complications after a cataract eye surgery

    6. Dry or itchy eyes

    Throughout the healing process, dryness and discomfort are common. It’s possible to have itchy, gritty, or dry eyes. To help with this, your doctor may prescribe lubricating eye drops. Consult your doctor about when to start using eye drops after cataract eye surgery.

    7. Symptoms of allergies

    During cataract eye surgery, general anesthesia is seldom utilized and is usually reserved for young patients. To numb the eye, a topical anesthetic in the form of eye drops or a local anesthetic in the form of an injection may be used.

    If you are allergic to any drugs, talk to your doctor before surgery.

    8. Irritation

    “Cell and flare” refers to inflammation caused by slight eye injury after an s. It is not regarded a true complication, but rather a predicted consequence.

    When your surgeon makes contact with your eye, a little amount of white blood cells or protein may collect in the front chamber, impairing vision or increasing light sensitivity. This is a short-term condition that may be treated with topical steroids.

    9. Edema of the cornea 

    This is a common side effect of surgery, but one that should be taken seriously. Swelling of the cornea may happen anywhere after surgery, although it’s more prevalent at the incision site. In this case, topical steroids may be administered to reduce edema.

    10. Increased pressure

    Up to half of individuals who have cataract eye surgery have an increase in ocular pressure after the procedure, however this usually goes away within 24 hours.

    Persistent problems with increased or decreased eye pressure after surgery may be linked to other eye illnesses, such as glaucoma.

    Expect these complications after a cataract eye surgery

    11. Iris prolapse

    Surgery may cause iris trauma, resulting in a prolapsed iris in rare cases. This is sometimes linked to poor wound closure or healing at incision sites, as well as prolonged periods of high intraocular pressure.

    The iris can sometimes be moved, but in more serious cases, more surgery will be required.

    12. Bleeding from open wounds

    Another uncommon problem is wound leaks, which occur when fluid seeps around the incision sites. Fluorescein dye is used to detect these leaks, which are frequently treated with steroids.

    In some cases, your doctor may apply a bandage contact lens or perform corrective surgery to resolve the problem.

    13. The Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome

    This condition can be identified by severe swelling and discomfort in the days following cataract surgery. Toxic anterior segment syndrome is an extremely rare illness brought on by infected surgical instruments or eye drops.

    High doses of steroids and analgesics are used to treat this illness, which can be difficult to distinguish from endophthalmitis.

    14. Early stages of acute endophthalmitis

    This is a different type of infection that can develop three to seven days after surgery and cause swelling and pain. The use of steroids to treat this eye infection is ineffective. Antibiotics are frequently used to treat it, or it is referred to a specialist.

    15. Retained lens fragments

    Following cataract surgery, small fragments of your natural lens may remain in some cases. The following symptoms may appear days, weeks, or even years later: 

    • Blurred vision 
    • Light sensitivity 
    • Tearing 
    • Flushing

    If lens fragments are discovered to be the source of the problem, they should be surgically removed – ideally by the same physician who performed the original treatment.

    16. The posterior capsular layer is opacified.

    This is a fairly common late complication that affects anywhere from 14 to 60% of cataract surgery procedures. This condition, which is more common in diabetics and those who have had previous eye surgery, causes microscopic particles to become stuck in the layer behind the lens.

    Elschnig’s pearls are small transparent bubbles formed when these particles combine. This problem can be fixed with a procedure known as laser posterior capsulotomy.

    17. Macular edema cystoid

    This is the most common complication of most cataract surgeries, and it can happen up to eight weeks after the procedure. It occurs in approximately 1% to 2% of all cataract operations.

    An accumulation of fluid in the eye causes swelling, which can impair vision. This disease, which can last up to two months, is usually treated with topical steroid and nonsteroidal medications.

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  • How to handle the post-surgical complications of a cataract surgery
    Cataract Eye Surgery,  Cataract Surgery

    How to handle the post-surgical complications of a cataract surgery

    Cataract surgery is a very simple and fast treatment with a high success rate. This success rate, on the other hand, is highly contingent on your ability to recover.

    Patients must follow a few post-operative recovery protocols to achieve the best possible result, despite the treatment being very risk-free. Despite the life-changing advantages of this surgery, careful aftercare is essential. This article outlines all you need to know about the finest post-cataract rehabilitation steps.

    What Can You Expect After Your Surgery?

    While the recovery period after cataract surgery is generally short in comparison to other procedures, there are still critical measures to follow.

    You risk acquiring problems, infection, and spending more time in the doctor’s office than necessary if you neglect these phases of recuperation.

    How to handle the post-surgical complications of a cataract surgery

    You won’t be able to drive after cataract surgery, so make arrangements for alternative transportation ahead of time.

    Following surgery, you will be taken to a recovery room where a protective shield will be put over your eyes to avoid contact or rubbing. Rest time in the recovery room is usually between 30 and 60 minutes to let any anesthetic or sedative effects to wear off. Because your surgeon will be paying you a visit, don’t be hesitant to ask about any potential recovery difficulties or what to expect.

    Six Steps to a Quick Recovery After Cataract Surgery

    In general, your eye surgeon will advise you to take the following important recovery steps:


    While we’ve previously said that you won’t be able to drive for a few days after surgery, you’ll also be unable to drive for a few days after that.

    This usually happens 3-4 days following cataract surgery, but you must first get permission from your doctor to drive.

    Based on your healing process, your surgeon will give you an estimate of when you will be ready to drive again after your first follow-up consultation.

    Make arrangements for a transport home before your cataract operation! Protective eyewear will be given for you to use on your way home and throughout your recuperation time while you are outside.

    2. Keep Your Eyes Safe

    Following cataract surgery, your eye(s) are immediately covered with a transparent, protective shield to protect them from rubbing, debris, and pollution.

    This protection may be removed after a few hours. However, keep the shield since it must be worn when sleeping for the first 4-5 days after surgery.

    It’s possible that you’ll have distorted eyesight for a few minutes once the shield is removed.

    The new synthetic lens will need to acclimatize to the ambient light, which might take several hours.

    How to handle the post-surgical complications of a cataract surgery

    3. Stay away from harsh lighting.

    Another important precaution to take after cataract surgery is to avoid bright, flashing lights during the first 24 hours.

    This includes, among other things, light from your television, mobile phone, tablet device, computer, or laptop.

    If you have bright fluorescent lighting in your house, switch it off and replace it with low, bulb illumination as soon as possible.

    Always remember to take it easy and rest your eyes when you can. They need time to recover and must avoid being overstimulated.

    Is there anything more I can suggest? Prior to the cataract operation, get your prescribed eye drops. This way, you’ll be able to go home and relax right away.

    4. When bathing, use caution.

    After cataract surgery, you are allowed to wash or bathe. However, proceed with care!

    At all costs, avoid splashing or drowning your face with water, particularly soapy water. To enable your eye(s) to recover after cataract surgery, avoid doing so for at least a week.

    During the first week after surgery, your eye is effectively an open wound that is prone to infection. Contaminating your eye with dirty water might cause an infection as well as other issues!

    If you need to wash your hair, ask the help of a spouse or acquaintance, or make a visit to a local salon. But be wary of them!

    Face wipes or a moist face towel are great for a complete face cleansing during the first week after cataract surgery.

    5. Make appointments for follow-up. Consistently

    Because your doctor will assess your healing and provide medicine, this is a key stage of rehabilitation.

    Your first visit will be for a post-operative checkup the day after your cataract surgery. Remember to plan ahead of time for transportation to and from your surgeon’s office.

    Following that, your surgeon will evaluate your healing progress and make any required medication modifications to avoid infection.

    How to handle the post-surgical complications of a cataract surgery

    This is the moment to communicate with your surgeon if you have any concerns or questions concerning your recuperation. If all goes according to plan, you should be able to drive again within a day or two following this visit.

    A month later, a follow-up visit with a general eye doctor is usually planned.

    6. Follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter.

    This is a self-evident element of your rehabilitation, but your surgeon will sit down with you after cataract surgery and go through a list of items to avoid.

    Take mental notes or have him/her write everything down so you may refer to it throughout your rehabilitation.

    The following are a few examples of these pointers:

    • You will be unable to participate in excessive activity or heavy lifting for 3-4 weeks 
    • Complete your antibiotic course to prevent infection 
    • Similarly, ensure that your course of disinfectant eye drops is completed to avoid infection.
    • For the first few weeks after surgery, keep your home clean and dust-free. 
    • Avoid performing any cleaning around your house where dust and irritants might enter your eyes. 
    • At all costs, avoid rubbing and scratching your eyes!
    • Avoid lowering your head underwater for at least a week after surgery, and for at least 2-3 weeks after surgery, avoid wearing makeup, especially eye makeup.

    If you have visual loss, persistent pain, blinding flashes, nausea, or vomiting, see your doctor straight away.

    While this list may look long, common sense will play a large role in your rehabilitation. Consider your everyday habits and how they could affect your recuperation.

    Your eye(s) is effectively an open, healing wound in the days after cataract surgery. Take extra precautions in the first few days, and the rest will fall into place.

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  • Six simple therapies for sleep apnea
    Sleep Apnea Treatment

    Six simple therapies for sleep apnea

    You don’t need to worry about what to do when you see sleep apnea symptoms. Although the best and the first thing to do is visit your doctor. However, there’s no permanent medications for sleep apnea. But there are things to do to regain or restore your breathing to its original state. 

    We have heard competent doctors prescribing some remedies for people battling obstructive sleep apnea. Do you know there are simple therapies for sleep apnea? Do you know you can control your breathing and your sleep back to its original state? Of course, you can. 

    In this article, we will explain in detail the sleep apnea treatment. However, we need your attention, and we urge you to shun all distractions immediately. But before we dive into the details, let us briefly explain what sleep apnea is.

    What is sleep apnea? 

    If you have ever experienced a situation whereby you stop breathing for a while in your sleep, you’re battling sleep apnea. It is a critical condition that causes breathing to stop and start repeatedly. People fighting sleep apnea don’t take in sufficient oxygen. Furthermore, people are unaware that their breathing has been interrupted and their sleep cycle is abnormal. So, some of its symptoms can be detected by someone else. SA can sound like snoring at times. Of course, not all who snore are battling sleep apnea. We all know that the wrong sleeping position can sometimes make people snore. 

    Sleep apnea can cause several health complications if left untreated. We have heard about people battling heart disease, which all started from sleep apnea. That is why we can’t stop advising people to do the needful once they see sleep apnea symptoms. 

    Before we move into the remedies for SA, let us also talk about some of its symptoms. Perhaps, you might not know you have sleep apnea.

    Six simple therapies for sleep apnea

    Symptoms of sleep apnea

    1. Loud snoring: If you snore loudly while sleeping, there’s a cause for alarm. It shows that there’s a problem with the flow of air in the airways. Although people who snore don’t usually know, they’re snoring. So, that means people close to them need to observe them. Dear reader, if you snore loudly while sleeping, you may be battling sleep apnea. 
    2. Morning headache: Sleep apnea symptoms might occur in the form of a headache early in the morning. We’ve heard countless people complaining, and after a series of tests on them, they discover they’re battling sleep apnea.  
    3. Irritability: Irritability is the state of being irritable. You have sleep apnea if you’re quick to annoyance, impatience, anger, and petulance. 
    4. Gasping for air during sleep: Several people are experiencing this and assume they need to use some drugs. The best thing to do is consult the doctor if you’re experiencing gasping for air during sleep. Gasping for air during sleep is one of the symptoms of sleep apnea. However, the fact remains that if you notice this, please consult your doctor. Remember, this write-up is all about the essential things you need to know about sleep apnea. 
    5. Awakening with a dry mouth: This symptom is also common. Dear reader, if your mouth is always dry whenever you’re awake from sleep, you might have sleep apnea. And this is the right time to rise and do the needful. Waking up with a dry mouth is one of the undeniable symptoms of sleep apnea common among adults. 
    Six simple therapies for sleep apnea

    Six therapies for sleep apnea

    1. Maintain a healthy weight: It is a formal statement from doctors to people with SA to lose weight. Obesity can obstruct the airway and narrow the nasal passages. So, when there’s an obstruction in the airway, one can stop breathing suddenly for some period while sleeping. Therefore, losing weight can help clear your airways. Not only that but losing weight will also reduce sleep apnea symptoms. Research shows that reducing weight can eliminate the need for upper airway surgery. Are you following?
    2. Yoga: Try yoga, and you’ll see how you regain your sleep. It is expedient to know that regular exercise can add up to your energy level. Not only that, but regular exercise will also strengthen your heart and improve sleep apnea. Yoga can improve your respiratory strength and encourage oxygen flow. Furthermore, SA is connected with decreased oxygen saturation in one’s blood. Therefore, yoga can improve one’s oxygen stages via several breathing exercises. Hence, yoga reduces the amount of sleep pauses one may experience. 
    3. Alter your sleep position: It is expedient to know that altering your sleep position will help you reduce sleep apnea symptoms. Not only that but if your sleep position is intact, there’ll be an improvement in your night rest. We heard about a study in 2006. It was said that more than half of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) cases are caused by sleeping positions. Someone said people with SA should avoid sleeping on their back. Sleeping on one’s back is called a supine position. This position can worsen the symptoms. 
    4. Use a humidifier: Humidifiers are tools or devices that add moisture to the air. Dry air can irritate the respiratory system. So, using tools that add water to the atmosphere can open one’s airway, reduces congestion, and encourage clearer breathing. 
    5. Avoid alcohol and smoking: If you have sleep apnea and you’re used to alcohol and smoking, you need to abstain from it. More importantly, you need to quit smoking. And those that are addicted to alcohol need to stop taking alcohol at night.
    6. Use oral appliances: Do you know oral appliances can help with sleep apnea by repositioning your jaw to ensure your airway is open while you sleep? Of course, it can help. There are two main categories. They are mandibular advancement devices and tongue stabilizing tools. 

    On a final note

    Dear reader, this article contains the meaning of sleep apnea, and we also explain some of its symptoms before we wrap it up with six therapies for sleep apnea. Finally, if a question crosses your mind while reading this article, please kindly drop your question in the comment box.   

  • 5 Types of sleep tests for sleep apnea
    Sleep Apnea,  Sleep Apnea Treatment

    5 Types of sleep tests for sleep apnea

    There’s an amount of sleep required for your body to function correctly. If you’re not getting that quantity and quality sleep, there’s a cause for alarm. However, if you’re seeing some symptoms of sleep apnea, there are several tests your doctor can do to detect if you’re genuinely battling with it. If you suspect you have a problem with their sleep, a sleep study is the first step you must take. There’s a substantial value in sleep studies.

    More importantly, sleep tests provide patients with the accurate sleep disorder diagnosis to start the necessary treatment. Patients with sleep disorders need to improve the quality of their lives. This write-up promises to be engaging, educative, and informative. Just follow us closely.

    Therefore, in this article, we will be explaining the meaning of sleep apnea and its symptoms. Not only that, but we would also explain in detail the five types of sleep apnea test. However, you need to sit tight and shun all distractions.

    5 Types of sleep tests for sleep apnea

    What is sleep apnea (SA)?

    Sleep apnea is a critical sleep disorder that occurs when breathing stops and starts repeatedly. One is considered to be battling with SA if one snores loudly while sleeping. We can’t define sleep apnea (SA) without considering its types. There are three types of SA. They are; obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the central sleep apnea (CSA), and the complex sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS)

    The OSA happens when the throat muscles relax. It occurs when the muscles in the back of one’s throat relax excessively to allow normal breathing, while central sleep apnea occurs when one’s brain doesn’t send the proper signal to the muscles that control breathing. And once the powers that hold breathing fail to receive the appropriate signal from the brain, there will be a sleep disorder.  

    Hence, what is complex sleep apnea syndrome? Complex sleep apnea syndrome is otherwise known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea. It occurs when one has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. In other words, it is the combination of the first-mentioned two types of sleep apnea. Knowing the meaning of SA, one must know about the types of sleep tests available. 

    5 Types of sleep tests for sleep apnea

    Types of sleep tests for sleep apnea (SA)

    1. Polysomnogram: Polysomnogram will be carried out on anyone with a sleep disorder. It is a test that can detect SA and other sleep disorders. For clarity, let us define it this way. A polysomnogram is a diagnostic tool usually conducted at night at the clinic or sleep center. This sleep test is set to monitor the sleep cycles and levels to pick out any disturbances caused by sleep disorders. One will be connected with some equipment that will monitor brain activity. Also, during this test, one will be connected with equipment that’ll help monitor breathing and muscle activity. After the doctor has carefully looked into it, the outcome from this test will explain the type of sleep disorder one is battling, including SA. The best candidates for this test are people who may have a sleep disorder like obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A polysomnogram is also used to diagnose CSA, idiopathic hypersomnia, narcolepsy, and hypersomnolence disorders. It is also used to diagnose REM behavior disorder. 
    1. Multiple sleep latency tests (MSLT): MSLTs are tests carried out on people with too much daytime sleepiness. It also measures the rate at which one falls asleep in a quiet place in the daytime. You might be wondering if sleeping too much during the day is a sleep disorder. Of course, it’s a sleep disorder. Multiple sleep latency test is used to diagnose narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia. To undergo this test, you must dedicate a day to it. This test consists of five scheduled naps. So, in each rest, one must sleep. The work of this test is to measure the exact time you fall asleep once the lights go out. It is expected that you should be awake after fifteen minutes of sleep. So, if you don’t fall asleep within twenty minutes, then the nap trial should end. So, who is the best candidate for MSLT? This test is meant for those with too much sleep in the daytime. People that cannot control their urge to sleep are the ones that need this test. 
    2. CPAP Titration: This sleep study is carried out overnight in the sleep laboratory. During this test, the sleep specialist will monitor your breathing and adjust the continuous positive airway pressure to know the normal air pressure required to prevent upper airway blockage. Also, this sleep test will eliminate pauses in your breathing during sleep. During this test, you’ll put on a nasal mask connected to a tube on a slight pressure generating device. This test will measure your breathing, heart, oxygen levels, brain waves, and arm and leg movements. 
    5 Types of sleep tests for sleep apnea
    1. Split night study: If you’re battling severe OSA, the split night test is what you need. The split night study tests diagnosis obstructive sleep apnea and titrates continuous positive airway pressure in a single night, reducing the time to treatment. This study determines your PAP settings during the night without coming for another night session. This test is highly recommended if you want just a night sleep test. 
    2. Maintenance of wakefulness test: This test will also take an entire day. One will be at the sleep clinic for almost a day. MWT measures how awake or alert you are during the day. It is a practical test to measure if you can stay awake for some time in a comforting, quiet, and stimulation-free atmosphere. During this test, you’ll be given some time for trials during the day in a dimly lit and peaceful bedroom. 

    On a final note

    Dear reader, we hope we have engaged you with something instructive and educative. In this write-up, we explained the meaning of SA and its types. Then, we also explain in detail the five tests one can use to detect SA and any other sleep disorder. Finally, we would like you to help us share the link to this page with family and friends. Do you have a question regarding this topic? Don’t hesitate to drop your question in the comment box.   

    More to read:
    How to handle the post-surgical complications of a cataract surgery